Chinese women have made their strongest showing on Forbes magazine’s list of the world’s most powerful women.
The survey also included a record number of women from the UK, though German Chancellor Angela Merkel remains in the top spot.
Hillary Clinton, the US presidential candidate, and Janet Yellen, chair of the Federal Reserve, were second and third.
The US dominated the list with 51 women represented, while China was second.
There are a record nine women from the world’s most populous nation on the 2016 Power Women list. Lucy Peng, a senior executive at e-commerce giant Alibaba, and Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization, are the highest-ranked.
Also on the list are Pollyanna Chu, chief executive of Hong Kong financial services firm Kingston Securities, and China’s First Lady Peng Liyuan.
The survey features 100 women from 29 countries who represent sectors such as politics, business, technology and philanthropy.
Forbes said the women on the list control $1tn (£694bn) in revenue and influence more than 3.6bn people around the world.
There are 32 chief executives on the list, 12 world leaders and 11 billionaires, including nine who have built billion-dollar companies from scratch. The average age is 57, with Yahoo chief executive Marissa Mayer the youngest at 41 and Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II the oldest at 90.
The number of UK women who made the rankings doubled to six. Besides Queen Elizabeth, they include Nemat Shafik, deputy governor of the Bank of England, and Katherine Viner, editor of The Guardian.
The newcomers are Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland’s First Minister, Zanny Minton Beddoes, editor of The Economist, and Eliza Manningham-Buller, chair of the Wellcome Trust.